Naturalization of Johanne Beate GERLACH
nee LESKE, Certificate No 24034, 24th January 1917, 16/30823. Reproduced with permission
of The Australian Archives.
APPLICATION FOR CERTIFICATE OF
TO HIS EXCELLENCY THE GOVERNOR-GENERAL.
1. I Johanne Beate Gerlach
of Horsham in Victoria Widow
hereby apply for a Certificate of Naturalization under the Naturalization Act 1903.
2. I am by birth a German subject
3. I arrived in Australia from Posen in Germany
on the first
day of January
in the year 1850
per the I forgot the name of the boat
and have no record thereof
and disembarked at the port of Adelaide.
4. Since my arrival in Australia I have resided at Lobethal
in South Australia from
1850 to 1884 and at Horsham in Victoria from 1884 to the date hereof.
5. I have resided in Australia continuously for a period
of sixty six years immediately
preceding the date of this Application.
6. I forward herewith a Statutory Declaration, setting forth the
by Section 6, Sub-section (1), paragraph (a) of the said Act.
7. I am a widow.
8. I have five
children four boys who reside at Horsham and one girl who is
and resides at Beulah.
9. I am not a naturalized subject or citizen of any other
10. I forward also a certificate signed by Thomas
Young of Horsham in Victoria a Justice
of the Peace to the effect that I am
known by him and am a person of good repute.
Johanne Beate Gerlach
Dated at Horsham the 1st December
I, Johanne Beate Gerlach of Horsham in
Victoria, Widow do solemnly and sincerely declare
1. My name is Johanne Beate Gerlach.
2. My age is 75 years, and I was born
on the twenty seventh day of June in the year 1841,
in the Province of Posen
in the Country of Germany.
3. My occupation is that of Widow.
4. My place of residence is Wilson Street
in the State of Victoria.
in the Commonwealth of Australia.
5. I have been resident in Australia for 66
6. I intend to settle in the Commonwealth.
I make this solemn declaration conscientiously believing the same
to be true, and by virtue of the provisions of an Act of the Parliament of Victoria
rendering persons making false declarations punishable for wilful and corrupt perjury.
Made and declared before me
day of December
Johanne Beate Gerlach
Edward Harrison JP
I Thomas Young
a Justice of the Peace residing
Horsham in the State of
in the Commonwealth
of Australia do certify that Johanne Beate Gerlach
an applicant for a Certificate of Naturalization under the
Naturalization Act 1903, is known to me and is a person of good repute.
Signed Thomas Young.
Some of the letters sent between Weldon, Power & Bennett
(Johanne Beate GERLACH's solicitors in Horsham) and The Department of External Affairs in
Dept. of External Affairs to Solicitors, December 6th 1916.
"I have to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the
4th instant, forwarding an application for naturalization by Johanne Beate Gerlach, and to
request that you will inform me whether this lady's late husband was naturalized? If so,
when and where? Also state what his nationality was."
Solicitors to Department, letter dated 8th of December 1916.
Replying to your letter of yesterday's date. Mrs Gerlach cannot say definitely whether her
late husband Johannes Emanuel Gerlach was naturalised. In his time he was a school master
of a Lutheran School at Lobethal in South Australia and Mrs Gerlach understood he was
naturalized. However from searches at home, since the war started, no trace of
naturalization can be discovered. Likewise, searches at the proper Offices in Adelaide
proved negative. The late Mr Gerlach was born in the town of Bomst in Posen in Germany and
his birth must have taken place during 1841 because he told Mrs Gerlach he was 9 years of
age when he reached Adelaide, 1st January 1850 - the same day that Mrs Gerlach did. He
died about the year 1890. We would mention that this old lady is physically infirm and is
always in a state of anxiety as to the requirements of the Police (who, by the way, so she
informs us, have treated her most considerately) and we think that the grant of a
Certificate of Naturalization to her would be a proper measure of relief at her advanced
Weldon Power & Bennett.
Letter to solicitors from Department of External Affairs.
11 December 1916
I have the honour to request you to kindly furnish as early as possible a Police report as
to the history and character of Johanne Beate Gerlach, Wilson Street Horsham, Vic. an
applicant for naturalization. I shall be glad if the report will touch upon the
applicant's association with other Germans and give the reason why she did not become
naturalized earlier. It should also state whether in the opinion of the officer making the
enquiry, the applicant is a fit and proper person to be naturalized.
Application herewith which please return with report.
I have the honour to be Sir, Your obedient
December 21st 1916
REPORT OF M H Wilson, Const 5477
Relative to Johanne Beate Gerlach an applicant for a certificate of Naturalization.
"I have to report that Johanne Beate Gerlach is a widow 75 years of age living
in Wilson Street Horsham. She has resided in Horsham since the year 1884 and as far as I
can learn she has been a law abiding citizen during her residence here.
She is the mother of five children, four sons and one daughter. Three of the sons
are personally known to me, they are married with young families and bear a good character
One of the sons was a councillor for the Borough of Horsham for some years and
during his holding that position he was Mayor of Horsham and a Justice of the peace, which
position he filled creditably.
This applicant seldom leaves her home and her associates are very few. The only
persons she would meet would be visitors to her.
From enquires made I learned that this woman was young when she came to Australia .
She did not become naturalized earlier because she regards herself as an Australian and
did not realize the value of being Naturalized until she was placed on parole. It never,
she states entered her mind to do so until war broke out.
In my opinion this applicant is a fit and proper person to be naturalized."
M H Wilson
Horsham 21 / 12 / 1916
OATH OF ALLEGIANCE
I Johanne Beate Gerlach do
swear that I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to His Majesty King George V.
His heirs and successors according to law. So Help
Signature Johanne Beate Gerlach
I Edward Harrison
a Police Magistrate in and for the State of Victoria
do hereby certify that on the first day of December
Johanne Beate Gerlach
in the State of Victoria, Widow
an applicant for a Certificate of Naturalization appeared before
me and took the Oath of Allegiance in the above form
Signature Edward Harrison
Commonwealth of Australia
CERTIFICATE OF NATURALIZATION
By virtue of the Naturalization Act 1903, I The Governor-
General in and over the Commonwealth of Australia, with the advice of The Federal
Executive Council, grant to Johanne Beate Gerlach
an alien, being a native of Posen in Germany
and of the age of seventy five years this Certificate of
Naturalization whereby the said
Johanne Beate Gerlach becomes
entitled to all POLITICAL and other RIGHTS, POWERS and PRIVILEGES and becomes subject to
all OBLIGATIONS to which a NATURAL BORN BRITISH SUBJECT is entitled or subject in the
Provided that where by any provision of the Constitution or of
any Act or State Constitution or Act a distinction is made between the RIGHTS, POWERS. or
PRIVILEGES of NATURAL BORN BRITISH SUBJECTS and those of persons naturalized in the
Commonwealth or in a State, the RIGHTS, POWERS, and PRIVILEGES conferred by the granting
of this Certificate shall for the purposes of that provision be only those (if any) to
which persons so naturalized are therein expressed to be entitled.
GIVEN under my hand and the Great Seal of the Commonwealth of
Australia at Melbourne the twenty
fourth day of January
One thousand nine hundred and seventeen.
R M FERGUSON